Occupational Health and Safety is an aspect that must be implemented in company operations, especially companies engaged in mining sector. All operational activities carried out by the Company always refer to the principle of prudence and emphasize the importance of employee safety and health. In order to instill this principle, the company carries out intensive outreach to the company's employees, in the form of installing OHS billboards at work sites both in mining areas and offices, implementation of OHS briefings every week, namely on Friday morning, describing the values of K3 on the company's internal portal. In addition, the company also provides standardization and certification training to employees from all levels of management to improve competence OHS and foster attention and behavior that prioritizes Occupational Health and Safety aspects. The number of certified employees as of 31 December 2020 was 98 employees. [403-1, 403-4, 403-5] 103-1] [6.c.2)c)]

In addition to developing employee competence, the Company also improves the feasibility of production equipment and supporting business activities according to equipment/unit standardization or certification to ensure the safety and security of employees at work. In 2020, 1.657 units of equipment to support the Company's business activities have been certified; consisting of lift and transport aircraft (27 units), 2 units of electrical installations, and as many as 1,628 units (facilities, dump trucks & heavy equipment) have been issued with an operating permit certificate by the KTT. [403-3]

As an effort to ensure the implementation of OHS standards and as a form of the Company’s commitment to the implementation of safe mining activities, since July 2010, the Company has integrated all operational systems related to OHS management aspects into the Bukit Asam Management System (BAMS). The implementation of the OHS Management System (SMK3) has been accredited by an independent agency based on Government Regulation of the Republic of Indonesia No. 50 of 2012 concerning the implementation of SMK3 and obtaining the OHSAS 18001: 2007 OHS Management System certification with a valid period until 2021. [403-1] [103-2]

In addition, in order to implement SMK3 up to the Company’s supply chain, the Company also requires third party partners/contractors to comply with the OHS requirements that have been implemented within the Company through the Contractor Safety Management System (CSMS) procedure. CSMS aims to improve the safety and health of work partners or third party contractors through the implementation of SMK3, including aspects related to human rights in the middle of the work. [403-1]

OHS Implementing Organization

To exercise SMK3 more optimally, PTBA has established an OHS and Environment Department and an Occupational Safety and Health Committee (P2K3) consisting of a Safety Committee/P2K3 for the PTBA-UPTE level to ensure that the OHS system is implemented according to standards. P2K3 is an OSH implementing organization whose function is to provide advice and considerations, whether requested or not, to business partners/work unit administrators regarding occupational safety and health issues. Through K3L Department and the OHS Committee, the Company determines efforts to avoid the possibility of work accidents, and mitigation efforts that must be taken when a work accident occurs that impacts the Company’s operations. [403-7]

The company already has an organization structure for the implementation of OHS within the Company which has been approved by the Manpower and Transmigration Office of South Sumatera Province based on Decree No. 057/52/NAKERTRANS/2020 dated December 2, 2020.

P2K3 consists of management representatives and employee representatives in each Tanjung Enim Mining Unit work unit. The functions and positions of P2K3 as well as the duties that become their responsibilities have been regulated in article 82 of the Collective Labor Agreement (CLA), which is a form of agreement between the company and employees.

With the presence of Company employees who are also members of P2K3, the total P2K3 members consist of 30 people, consisting of: 1 chairman also acting as a representative of Company management, 1 deputy chairman also acting as a representative of management, 1 P2K3 secretary, 27 members, consisting of 13 management representatives and 14 employee representatives. The company regularly holds meetings with P2K3 both with related work units and with mining partners / contractors to remind all related parties to always implement all provisions related to OHS. P2K3 also often holds regular meetings which are held quarterly. Through this P2K3 all employees can participate, consult, or communicate on matters related to occupational health and safety. [403-4]

Implementation of the OHS Program The OHS program is implemented by PTBA through several activities, as follows:

1. Refresh Training of OHS
Refresh OHS and Environmental training material for PTBA employees so that employees’ understanding of K3L increases thereby awareness of K3L aspects in their work area will grow. [403-5]

2. Surgical Investigation Report
Discussion of investigative reports both internally at PTBA (investigation team) and together with work partners so that investigative reports are obtained according to standards with targeted recommendations so that it is expected to prevent similiar incidents. [403-2]

3. Agent SHE
K3L aspect coaching workshop for work partner employees who are then recruited to become SHE agents who are the extension of PTBA’s OHS Mining in the framework of reporting sources of hazards in the work area. [403-2, 403-4, 403-5, 403-6]

4. OHS Call Centre
OHS Call Centre as a media for reporting the sources of K3L hazards in the work area. [403-4]

5. Sweeping Golden Rules
Sweeping compliance with the Golden Rules implemented by PTBA and PTBA Partners [403-2]

6. Sweeping COVID-19
Sweeping in front of mine entrances and office areas related to 3M compliance (Wearing a Mask, Washing Hands, and Keeping Distance). [403-2]

7. Sudden Inspection (Sidak) of compliance with the Golden Rules
Golden Rules non-compliance that is carried out every shift to assess employee compliance with the implementation of Golden Rules Version 3.0. [403-2]

8. Top Management Tour Inspections
Inspection of the work area (front, disposal, stockpile, workshop) conducted by PTBA Top Management (Directors, General Manager, Senior Manager) in order to identify substandard conditions and immediately make repairs. [403-2]

9. Middle Management Inspection
Inspection of Coal Handling Facility (CHF) and BWE lines carried out by JJ 2 (two) officials in order to identify substandard conditions in the work area. [403-2]

OHS Training

To improve knowledge and skills of employees in OHS field, the Mining Safety and Safety, Occupational & Environmental Health work unit collaborates with the PTBA Learning Centre (Diklat) to conduct internal OHS training for employees. Internal OHS training was carried out during the new normal era during the pandemic, with restrictions on the number of participants in the room and strict health protocols. In addition, the Company also engages employees in OHS training externally.

OHS Facilities for All Employees

Based on the provisions of the Collective Bargaining Agreement, the Company guarantees Occupational Safety and Health for all Company employees. Based on the CLA, the Company provides Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for all employees with respect to the work location for employees. This is in line with the Company’s commitment to protect the health and safety of all employees. Therefore, the employees covered in the implementation of SMK3 are all company employees. [403-8]

OHS Performance

The efforts made by all PTBA personnel in realizing the targets of OHS activities through various programs have brought results, as in the following table: [103-3, 403-9]

Occupational Health Services

PTBA also concerns the employee welfare by providing health protection facilities and organizing healthrelated training. Efforts to maintain and improve health for employees and their families are managed into two groups, namely occupational health which is medical in nature and occupational health which is health in nature. [403-3]

For medical health, the Company has a Bukit Asam Hospital unit that handles employee health by carrying out the following:

1. Employee health examination, including:
Craft health checks, conducted during employee recruitment to select prospective employees who have prime health so that they can be placed according to their health conditions, as well as obtaining medical history data before working at PTBA.

Periodic health checks, carried out periodically at least once a year to maintain the health level of employees while working at PTBA. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, in the April-October period the company did not hold medical check-ups, and was resumed in November-December with strict health protocols. So that during 2020 the Company has conducted periodic health checks on 814 employees and 94.1% realized.

Special medical check-up is carried out on employees who rotate to work environments that have a higher risk burden, employees who have just recovered from an old illness and employees nearing retirement.

2. Employee health promotion to increase awareness of occupational health by providing education, training, counseling to prevent employee health problems and PAK / PAHK as well as general illnesses. [403-6]

3. Provision of preventive health services, such as fogging, immunization and others.

For the efforts made by the Company, during 2020, no employee or party whose job and / or workplace is controlled by the Company has suffered from work-related diseases and there are no work-related hazards that pose a health risk“. [403-10]

Mining Safety Risk Management
The implementation of mining safety risk management refers to Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Regulation No. 26/2018 pertaining the Implementation of Good Mining Engineering Principles and Supervision of Minerals and Coal and Minister of Energy and Mineral Resources Decree No. 1827/2018 pertaining Guidelines for Implementing Good Mining Engineering Principles.
PTBA already has risk management procedure integrated with the company management system. The risk management activities are carried out and become the responsibility of all units. The mining safety risk management process can be described as follows:

Risk consultation and communication
The process to generate and gather information from the related stakeholders both internal and external in each stages of risk management process. The information can be related to the existence, type, form, probability, severity, evaluation, treatment, or other risk aspects. This process is carried out continuously from the start and keeps repeating.

Risk context defining
Process of defining risk limitations to be managed and defining the scope of the next risk management process. The context includes internal factors, external factors, context in the risk management process and risk criteria definition.

The internal factors include all activities carried out by operational work unit, both regularly and unregularly, in normal and abnormal condition, non-compliance with internal rules/procedures, personnel competency, and the appropriateness of the facilities, infrastructures, installations as well as mining equipment.

The external factors include activities carried out by external parties, mining services contractors and company guests, infrastructure, equipment and materials provided by other party, legal obligations related to hazards identification, and identified hazards originating from outside the work location that could endanger the safety and health of the company's operations.

Risk management context, include the scope of appraisal methodology, evaluation method is regulated in the company internal procedure integrated in Bukit Asam Management System (SMBA).
The definition of risk criteria, according to PTBA internal procedure includes financial, human, environment, reputation and law. The consequence/severity matrix levels are: small, medium, large, and catastrophic. The probability/possibility matrix levels are: very small, rarely, occasionally, and often. Risk levels are: low, medium, high & extreme.

Hazard identification
Carried out in all activities, processes, product and work area to be assessed. The hazard can be identified by evaluating what factors could harm employees/causing accidents. Hazard identification is carried out by observing activities or interviewing employees related to the activity. Identification result then prepared by internal work unit team equivalent to manager level, checked by the first tier work unit leader and approved by General Manager Unit.

Risk assessment and control
The process of assessing the risk caused by hazard, is the product of the multiplication of the severity value and the possibility value according to the predefined matrix. The score of the assessment is as follows: very low, low, medium, high, extreme.

The risk control becomes the responsibility of all operational work unit risk owner, the risk control is according to the predefined hierarchy as follows:

  1. Elimination of hazard
    Eliminating hazard from an activity, effectively eliminating risk up to 100%. If the elimination cannot be carried out, then the next stage of control will be carried out.
  2. Substitution
    Controlling the risk by reducing hazard through the process modification (equipment, material and work method). With the hazard level lowered, substitution is effective to lower the risk up to 75%. If the substitution is not effective, then it can be added with the next stage of control.
  3. Reengineering
    Controlling risk by reengineering the equipment to reduce the danger level. This control is effective in reducing risk up to 50%. If engineering controls are not effective, then further control should be taken.
  4. Administration Control
    Controlling the risk by reengineering the equipment, so as to lower the hazard level. This stage of control is effective to lower the risk up to 50%. If reengineering is not effective, then it can be added with the next stage of control.
  5. Administrative Control
    Controlling the risk by administrative control, including compliance with regulations/procedure/standards, supervision/inspection checking/ observation, fulfillment of competencies. This stage of control is effective to lower the risk up to 30%. If administrative control is not effective, then it can be added with the next stage of control.
Monitoring and review
The occupational safety and health risk review is carried out once a year or when accident/hazardous event or occupational illness occurs, or if there are changes in equipment or activities and new activity processes. The results of the review are communicated to all related parties and it is ensured that risk control is carried out.